Cutting and Clone Production for Spring Transplants

cuttings and clones production

Cutting and Clone Production for Spring Transplants

By Brandon Pillon 

see BIO (below)

[quote] chromosomes carry the genetic messages from the parent cells to the daughter cells and ensure the development of an identical plant[/quote]

(from Edition DEUX)

propagation grow tent

The scientific basis for Cutting and Clone Production for Spring Transplants(Asexual propagation) is the ability of each cell of a plant to divide and reproduce itself.

Each cell contains all the DNA or the genetic code needed to make a new plant. This characteristic is known as totipotency, totipotency means the total potential a cell has for new growth and development of the plant.

This process of cell division is known as mitosis. All plant growth occurs because of mitosis. Mitosis is a process that ensures a parent cell transmits one copy of every chromosome to each of its two daughter cells. Its part of the magic behind successful cutting and clone production for spring transplants.

Chromosomes contain the genes of the cell and are the carriers of the hereditary information that is passed from one generation to the next. A dicotyledonous plant, or one having a seed with two cotyledons, a chili pepper plant is a good example of a dicot; dicots have three main areas where mitosis takes place.

rooted cuttings clones

These areas are the stem tip, the root tip of primary and secondary roots, and the cambium layer.

The cambium is a layer of tissue in the stem, cell division in this layer causes the plant to increase its girth. Each area is known as a meristematic region of growth. Monocotyledonous plants have seeds that contain a single cotyledon. Corn is an example of a monocot.

In these plants, there is a forth area of cell division called the intercalary meristem. This region is just above each node. Growth in the intercalary meristem produces an increase in the height of the stem; this increase is in addition to the height gained by growth at the top of the plant.

Mitosis occurs in four phases, these phases are the prophase, the metaphase, the anaphase, and the telophase. The progression of phases is continuous, flowing smoothly from one phase to the next.
The prophase is the first phase in the division of the nucleus; the nucleus is the control center of the cell. In this phase, the tightly curled chromosomes uncurl and form rod like structures. The chromosomes carry the genetic messages from the parent cells to the daughter cells and ensure the development of an identical plant. The prophase is followed by the metaphase, in which the chromosomes split lengthwise to form two sets of identical material.

In the metaphase, two sets of chromosomes line up at the center, or if you like the equator of the cell. They then move quickly toward the poles of the cell.

One half of the chromosomes go to each pole. This movement of the chromosomes is called the anaphase. As the chromosomes approach the polar regions of the cell, each group of chromosomes begins to form the new nucleus of a daughter cell.

This stage is known as the telophase. New cell walls form to separate the two daughter cells. Each daughter cell has the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell. After a short period of growth, each daughter cell begins to divide. The continual process of cell division makes new tissue, resulting in growth of the plant.

Mitosis also occurs when a plant part is wounded and callus tissue forms. Callus tissue is a group of cells that develops in response to a wound, like pruning lower branches that are shaded from light or taking clones from a mother plant. In plants callus formation is a healing mechanism. New roots that form on the callus tissue of cuttings are called adventitious roots.

Tips for Cloning Success:

-When taking clones or pruning it is important to make sure all your tools are disinfected to avoid infecting your plants with viruses and diseases.

-For cloning you should not fertilize your mother plant for 3 days to a week before taking clones, and also you should mist your mother plant heavily when your lights turn on to help flush nitrogen.

-The morning you are going to take your clones water your mother plant good with pH adjusted water.

-After you are finished with taking clones you should fertilize your mother plant with a B vitamin nutrient; and you should also raise up your light or add shade cloth to help the mother plant recover and to not over stress it.

-When it comes to pruning you should prune the lower branches that are shaded in the first week or two of the flowering phase, after the plants have stretched a little.


What To Do After Clones Have Rooted?

Pre-Veg (Click)

About Brandon Pillon:

Growing up in Essex County, Ontario I was always fascinated with how plants grow, and would spend hours in our garden patch looking at the plants and insects and gained an understanding of nature and how it works. I decided to further my knowledge of growing and enrolled in the horticulture program at a local college and have been enjoying furthering my “green education” both in and out of the school setting. feel free to contact me at

hydroponic cuttings rockwool cubes

Above: cutting and clone production for spring transplants via hydroponics (flood and drain rockwool cubes)


About Erik Biksa 237 Articles
Erik Biksa has been writing about and discussing hydroponics growing, related technologies and cropping methods since 1999 in a variety of professional publications and platforms globally Erik has travelled the world learning and teaching modern growing techniques and technologies and is appreciated by many growers for his informative yet hands on approaches. Presently, he is the Editor at Grozine Hydroponics Mag.